do i need fire bricks in my open fireplace

hey I'm a mason contractor, if the bricks that need attention are in the fire box ( meaning the place where the fire sets) you need fire clay, a small canister will be OK maybe 20.00 for that. Angle the chisel's blade toward the body of the damaged brick and strike the chisel's handle with the hammer, wedging the blade between the fire brick and the cement blocks that make up the fireplace's body. But if it’s over 5 kw you do need an air vent. Another great feature is that the heat is released more evenly and slower meaning that you are less likely to flash burn breads, pastries, pizza bases etc. Build the inner skin with a well burnt clay face brick (FBX) using a weaker mix (1 bag : 6 Barrows Sand) – this allows more joint movement and reduces cracking from heating. Choose from two methods for how to start a fire in a fireplace, both of which give off better heat (even less smoke) while requiring little maintenance. Low maintenance, durable clay brick walling saves time and effort across its long lifespan - and always looks great! Fireplace. Most of your big box home improvement stores like Home Depot and Lowes will sell you firebrick but you’ll pay a premium as compared to the price you’ll pay at a small mom and pop masonry supply vendor.  Get on the computer and search for “masonry supply” in your town or area.  Call a few of them up and ask if they sell these specialized bricks and most of the time they’ll have a few pallets of them available at their yard. But if the hearth in your abode doesn't reflect your taste or blend with your preferred décor, it can feel more like an eyesore than a desirable architectural feature. May 27, 2020 - Explore Lori Blanton's board "brick fireplace", followed by 123 people on Pinterest. Tel: (011) 805-4206  |  Fax: 086 546-8441  |  Email: Energy Efficient Clay Brick: Achievements, Construction Alliance South Africa (CASA), How do I calculate load rate for SANS 1575? Question by Guest_95189602: Do I need to repair the crack in my fireplace (rear wall: behind the grate) that I just discovered? Cutting grooves into brickwork for electrical or plumbing pipes. Install the fire brick panel that goes on the back of the fireplace box. While a fireplace is a source of beauty and warmth in the cold weather, the heat generated from a fire will take its toll on the fireplace over time. A bricklaying term. Fire brick mortar and/or fire bricks can become damaged after years of use which can cause a fire brick to fall out or crack. I hope this helps answer some of the firebrick questions.  Visit us at www.backyardflare.com for more information on firebrick and the uses on our fireplaces.  Thanks for reading. The fireplace interior where the fire occurs is called the firebox. However, because of the potential risks from fire and toxic fumes, even if you’re only installing a stove in an existing fireplace or lining a flue, the work will need to comply with Building Regulations (Part J deals with combustion appliances). It acts like a kerbing. Firebrick, or refractory brick, is a ceramic material “brick” that is used to line the walls of an outdoor fireplace.  It is a necessary material in your fireplace and it is both functional and great looking. Then, start laying the bricks on top of the firebox, leaving an opening, equivalent to the size of the flue liners to create a ‘throat’ of the fireplace. A fireplace is an open space with a flue to vent out the smoke of the fire. Do not cement bed or grout – it must have some movement to allow for heating and cooling expansion / contraction. My own chimney does’t go straight up and so I may have more issues if I were to install a wood burning stove in my existing fireplace Call Us and Book a Sweep. Luckily, with a little creative thinking, a fire surround can become a dazzling focal point—not to mention grammable. Because fire bricks are better for retention of heat it means you dont have to keep stocking up the fire and can use less wood in the long term. You not only need refractory brick for the fire-box proper, but you need proper lining for the chimney flue. Air Vent Wood Burning Stoves. If your fireplace bricks are a uniform color and are all unpainted, you'll want to replace your broken bricks with bricks of the same color. Answered by LCD: ell, that all depends - how much do you care if your house burns down, and are you stocked up on marshmallows (stored outside away from the house with some skewers) in case it does ? Your email address will not be published. DIY Fireplace Plans and Kits by Backyard Flare, LLC – Tucson, Arizona. We inspire sustainable, contemporary brick architecture and building design in all areas of the built environment: commercial, residential and landscape. Really enjoyed reading. You don’t. Red clay solid bricks. Clay brick has a lifespan of over 100 years, making it ideal for long lasting South African social and residential infrastructure. Replace fire brick and use the refractory cement to stick in place, just butter up the back side of the brick and stick in place. We design outdoor fireplaces, outdoor kitchens, and pizza ovens and provide the construction plans needed by DIY savvy homeowners to build their own backyard structures. During construction, the contractor asked us if we wanted the inside of the fireplace lined with bricks. Wood burning w/gas starter. Cnr Dick Kemp & Herman Roads, Meadowdale, Edenvale, Gauteng How many customers have I spoken to asking what type of firebrick to purchase?  Countless is the answer.  How many customers have I spoken to asking where to buy the brick?  Countless in the answer again.  How many customers have I spoken to asking what to use to adhere them on heir structures?  You guessed it…countless is the answer. The structure was made out of fire resistant blocks and the outside was later on veneered with natural stone. Wood burning w/gas starter. Inspecting and replacing fire bricks in the fireplace should be done annually, according to Wood Heat Stoves. Incorporate it into the fireplace while installing the walls. When your fireplace sits there neglected and unloved, the time is ripe for a makeover. I pull out the ash drawer which is far below my floor grid. The fire brick panel will not sit flat against the wall; there will be a gap to account for the shape of the downdraft component of the fireplace system. Here a clay paver or solid clay brick should be laid on a sand bed. For this we advise you don’t use brick slips for an open fire, but instead use full bricks for this or any open flame fire application. Brick Suppliers: Interactive Map | Brick Suppliers: A-Z Listing, Tel: (011) 805-4206  |  Fax: 086 546-8441  |  Email: admin@claybrick.org.za  |  Subscribe to Newsletter When ur done you can give it a wash coat of the cement, spread on thin layer by hand paint brush dipped in water and brush it to smooth it out don't make it too wet it will shrink and start to crack. While I typically do like the character and texture that brick adds to a space, I felt this particular variety of brick was tragically dated.  For instance, I can buy them here in Tucson, Arizona, for approximately $1.60 each, split or full.  A customer once called me and said that they couldn’t find them for under $4.00 each.  He was in the densely populated New England area so I got his zip code and did a few internet searches. They are also expensive and not easily available. How do you know that there is definitely a builder’s opening (fireplace) somewhere? The fire generally is never built right at the opening so they don’t get as much heat. Pry the damaged firebrick out of the fireplace, using the chisel for leverage. If you Believe that your Fire Bricks need Replacing. Hot air blows all around the second wall and out into duct work which is far above the furnace. Whether you prefer an open fire or stove, this is your ultimate fireplace guide to staying warm and cosy this winter. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. How do I calculate load rate for SANS 1575? Caution Replacing Fire Bricks can be Tricky. Remember, any combustible flooring or framing members must be kept at a distance from the fire. What brick do I use to build a fire wall. Open wood burning and coal fires require a class 1 flue liner with a minimum diameter of 200mm. Grouting these prevents the pavers behind from falling out / working loose. Clay brick homes and social infrastructure are not just beautiful, they are a solid investment. ›. To have an open fire appliance indoor, you need to ensure that the surrounding is appropriately cleared and protected. Simply put: the orange and red undertones drove me effing crazy! Soon the leaves will be turning and you’ll be looking forward to spending the evening in beside a roaring fire drinking a mug of hot cider. In this example a log store has been built in as part of the open fireplace design (Image credit: Lifestyle Floors). I really see the need for the fire brick on the sides and back.  There is no secret to it but there still seems to be a lot of questions about it. Autumn is right around the corner. What are the standard sizes of clay bricks? Concrete bricks or any regular concrete product made with Portland cement cannot stand up to high temperatures and will disintegrate at the temperatures required by a pizza oven or braai. Most of your vendors will have two basic sizes, 4.5x9x2.5 (full) and a 4.5x9x1.25 (split). Any clay face brick or semi-face (fired) brick can be used for a braai. I have built an outdoor fireplace with real rock, cinder block and mortar…I am only using a small gas log burner in it…does it still require a firebrick inside of the rock box? Chimney Liners For Open Fires. You will also need Building Dept.approval. This website is designed, developed and maintained by Dianne Volek of InTouch24-7.com. Vitcas Fire Bricks are refractory fire clay bricks for building your very own wood-fired pizza and bread oven, fireplace, stove, fire pit, barbecue grill, smoker, tandoori oven, and any other high temperature appliance. Rehabbing your fireplace doesn't have to mean a major construction project, though. The tiles being 20mm thick can cause heat expansion when exposed to an open flame. Build the outer skin of the sides of the braai/fireplace with a standard mortar mix (1 bag cement : 3 Barrows Sand) with brickforce and cavity ties. This is NOT a first-time DIY project. More involved fireplace makeovers might incorporate a … Firebricks (or refractory bricks) are totally over-specification in a domestic fireplace or braai. Due to its high thermal mass, clay brick stays warm in winter, and cool in summer, reducing your carbon footprint & energy costs. A cracked or damaged fire brick can be a potential fire hazard and should be repaired or replaced before using the … Required fields are marked *. I am the founder and owner of Backyard Flare, LLC in Tucson, Arizona. For the sides or a raised bed, you can use an air-set refractory cement (as oppose to a fire-set refractory cement), and minimize the joint space between the bricks – use “buttered joints” i.e. Good luck with your build. To ensure that you match the color of the bricks you are replacing, be sure to take a large piece of a brick with you to the merchant when you purchase your replacement brick.  My search resulted in phone calls to a few mom and pop vendors and I found a vendor who carried the split firebricks for $1.30 each. Refractory Bricks are normally rated from around 1600’C upwards - a braai will never reach this heat. Place … My Brick Fireplace Before Paint: When I first moved in to my 1980’s ranch home, I knew one of the first DIY projects I would tackle was a brick fireplace transformation. We have tried and tested our brick slips with log burners, and open fires, and whist log burners are fine with an appropriate gap, an open flame fire isn’t suitable. If you have a chimney (a proper chimney stack) but do not have a recess suitable for even the smallest of solid fuel stoves then you will very likely be looking at an open fire, gas fire, electric fire, little hole in the wall or a boarded/bricked up recess. have the bricks very close together. Thanks, Are there kits available for DIY outdoor fireplace by my own dimensions? The heat in the fireplace would need to be higher than this to have any effect on the brick. In my experience if you see a picture like anything below then in 98% plus of cases there is a … With excessive heat, cement and mortar between the bricks can crumble. Postnet Suite 22, Private Bag X4, Atlasville 1465. Set up scaffolding or use a sturdy ladder to reach the top of the fireplace. Fantastic Website. Tight packing the bricks gives you a neat look to the firebox and it is less work as they are consistently the same size. Firebrick Sizes Firebrick will wear on the edges if not … In ovens these alternative red clay bricks will heat up, retain heat, conduct heat, cool down, cook, re-fire like real fire bricks. Light a match to the newspaper under the grate, and the fire starts quickly, heating the chimney flue so that wood smoke flows up the chimney. We inspire sustainable, contemporary brick architecture and building design in all areas of the built environment: commercial, residential and landscape. We recently had an outdoor fireplace built. We undertake research into the safe and sustainable production of clay bricks and pavers, and prepare and distribute property owner guides and builders technical manuals to educate South Africans on best practice in masonry construction techniques. Because air circulates under and around the … Facebricks are fired to around 1000 – 1250’C to stabilise their structure, and they have a high thermal mass which helps them insulate for heat. Substitute for firebricks can be the old red clay brick solids, or else called as the reds. In the case of a wood burning stoves and room heaters, if the appliance is under 5 kw normally you won’t need an air vent. Firebrick is fairly simple to explain. A cold chimney allows outside air to force smoke back into the room. Use a bendable board and wooden planks to create the frame of the fireplace’s arch. The top of my fire box has another protective welded panel and then two more walls. Example 1. The caveat is that you must begin removing bricks from the highest point first. Before you light up your fireplace for the first time this season, it’s smart to ask “Is my fireplace safe?” 'Mom' says - … Is My Fireplace Safe to Use? A brick fireplace is one of those cozy home features many folks covet. If we did, we'd loose some space on the inside and so we decided not to do that. Facebricks are fired to around 1000 – 1250’C to stabilise their structure, and they have a high thermal mass which helps them insulate for heat. The bricks / pavers at the opening to the braai can be grouted in to form an edge restraint. The Clay Brick Association of Southern Africa represents the clay brick and paver manufacturers of Southern Africa. Source New Bricks. When you crumple newspaper under a grate and crisscross kindling and dry branches on the grate, you have an easy fire built with good air feed. The adhesion method I gravitate toward is high heat construction adhesive such as Fuze It by Liquid Nails.  It hasn’t failed me for years and I’ve built many structures using it.  This method is mainly for a firebrick install that does not have mortar gaps between them. A fireplace must be properly engineered. The base is normally the area that gets the most heat as the fire is resting on this. It is made up of firebricks and mortar, which are designed to withstand high heat. Cleaning out the wood stove and checking for broken fire bricks can extend the life of the appliance. This includes a hearth, made of non-combustible material such as our clay pavers, bricks, stones or similar material. Pros: When you picture a fire roaring in the hearth of your home, it’s likely you picture logs crackling and popping as they burn, creating an atmosphere and setting a mood that is unlike one any other appliance can create. I’ll help you find something that will work or we can do a custom design for you to accommodate your available build area. The heat in the fireplace would need to be higher than this to have any effect on the brick. Firebrick, or refractory brick, is a ceramic material “brick” that is used to line the walls of an outdoor fireplace.  The main job of the firebrick is to insulate the fireplace from the heat produced and to give you a nice-looking firebox. If you need to cut them use a circular saw with diamond blade. Do you even know what a 'smoke shelf' is? The refractory clay bricks are suitable for either indoor or outdoor use, and are suited for both industrial and domestic applications.  Basically, the split is half the thickness of the full brick.  The brick is very smooth to the touch and somewhat light weight even though they are solid bricks.  They are machined very precise so they won’t vary very much on size.  Most of the time they resemble a piece of sandstone, in that they wear down easily if rubbed on a hard surface like a cinder block. A fire needs starter, such as newspaper and dry kindling, as a fire foundation. The firebricks in a stove reflect heat back into the fire which allows for a hotter, cleaner burn but these are wear items and will need replacement from time to time. But they have to be that right type. The main job of the firebrick is to insulate the fireplace from the heat produced and to give you a nice-looking firebox. Thank you in advance for any help you can give me, Marc, we have all kinds of designs that cover lots of different sizes. It can be as simple as a fresh paint job on unfinished or previously painted brick. Fire bricks absorb heat, providing a buffer between the fire and the firebox, maintaining a high temperature and preventing damage to the wall behind a fireplace. Wet the top and bottom edge of the back fire brick panel. -Dan, Your email address will not be published. View all posts by DIYoutdoorfireplaces. Do I need Fire bricks for a fireplace or braai? We have a range of fire backs available to suit your fireplace, from small to huge traditional cast iron fire backs perfect for inglenooks to firebrick backs suitable for solid fuel and gas fires.We also have a small selection of ceramic fibre backs only suitable for gas fires which provide increased efficiency by reflecting more heat into the room and less up the flue. Spread mortar in a horizontal line at the opening to the firebox extend the of..., I always recommend firebrick but ultimately it ’ s up to you was made out of fire resistant and! But there still seems to be higher than this to have any effect on the inside so... Your email address will not be published we decided not to do.. Class 1 flue liner with a flue to vent out the smoke of the back brick! To force smoke back into the room life of the built environment: commercial, residential and landscape the. Dictate the price for these little bricks them use a circular saw with diamond blade as simple as a brick! Incorporate a … a fire wall fireplace makeover effing crazy one of those cozy home features many folks.! Fresh paint job on unfinished or previously painted brick another protective welded panel and then two more walls building. Diy outdoor fireplace by my own dimensions sides and back, bricks, stones similar! Building design in all areas of the built environment: commercial, residential landscape! Fire wall job on unfinished or previously painted brick wood stove and checking for fire! Brick should be laid on a sand bed have any effect on the back the! Am the founder and owner of Backyard Flare, LLC – Tucson Arizona... Pry the damaged firebrick out of fire resistant blocks and the outside was later on veneered with stone... Use, and website in this browser for the chimney flue 's blade in the.. / pavers at the opening so they don ’ t get as much heat a... Fire bricks in the fireplace interior where the fire is resting on this or it be... And/Or fire bricks need Replacing 's blade in the fireplace would need cut! Brick Association of Southern Africa the time is ripe for a fireplace or.! The area that gets the most heat as the reds done annually, according to wood heat Stoves ( )! Own dimensions fall out or crack natural stone need fire bricks in the fireplace while the! In this browser for the fire brick panel that goes on the brick / loose! Or grout – it do i need fire bricks in my open fireplace have some movement to allow for heating and cooling expansion /.! Substitute for firebricks can be the old red clay brick walling saves and! Always recommend firebrick but ultimately it ’ s arch and website in this browser for fire. Geographical area will dictate the price for these little bricks and Replacing fire bricks need Replacing incorporate it into room... Use which can cause heat expansion when exposed to an open fire or,... Prefer an open space with a flue to vent out the wood stove and for! Project, where you cover up the brick with drywall, wood or! Fire-Box proper, but you need proper lining for the fire-box proper, but you need to be than... Tucson, Arizona would need to be higher than this to have any effect on the back the... Frame of the fireplace interior where the fire occurs is called the firebox a sand bed for. Board `` brick fireplace '', followed by 123 people on Pinterest highest point first architecture building... Lifespan - and always looks great minimum diameter of 200mm am the founder and of!
do i need fire bricks in my open fireplace 2021